Junaidi Silsila

Junaidi Silsila is the Sufi order which was emanated in Iraq, the chief leader of this order was Hazrat Junaid e Baghdadi Rahmatullah Alaih. Hazrat Data Ganj Bakhsh was the notable follower of this silsila. This Silsila is contemplated as the older Sufi order (like Bastami Tariqa) from which the present Qadiri order was derived or modernized. Some scholars believes that Qadri Silsila is not a different Sufi order but the same Junaidi Silsila which was later popularized as Qadri order due to the prominent Saint of this order Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani (رحمة الله عليه ). The eight requirements of Junaidi Silsila were mentioned by 13th century Maliki jurist Ibn Ata Allah al-Iskandari in his treatise of Zikr. This Tariqa was more inclined towards strict Shariah rules thus proved critical for Non-Islamic practices of that time. The followers of this order are known as Junaidi or Junedi Sufis in subcontinent and abroad. Many Junaidi Sufis with good repute (Faqih, Aalim, Qazi ) had migrated to Daultabad in 727 Hijri or 1327 AD. Hazrat Syed Alauddin Hussaini Javeri  from Deccan was the prominent Junedi Sufi of Pre Bahamani Period. Various Khulafa of Jaweri, later propogated this Sufi order in Deccan. Hazrat Sirajuddin Junaidi is one of the prominent Saint of this order who came to India. His Mazar Sharif is in Gulbarga, India. Gulbarga has the predominance of the followers of this order due to the settlement of the heirs of Hazrat Sirajuddin Junaidi. It is claimed by the some of the followers that Tajuddin Junaidi is the heir of Sirajuddin Junaidi and present leader of Gulbarga faction of the order.

Syed Alauddin Hussaini Jaweri

Hazrat Syed Alauddin Hussaini Javeri was Sufi Scholar and a highly esteemed teacher of the order. He was Khalifa of Syed Qayamuddin Muhammad Hasan Ghaznavi ul Hussaini who was the Khalifa of Syed Qutbuddin Kabir (both of these Sufi Saints have their resting place is in Delhi). Junedi saints played an important role in the religious, cultural and political life of North Indians.  

According to Hanif, there was disintegration of Central organization of Sufi activities around 730 Hijri, when Tughlaq made Deogiri as its kingdom's second capital. This led to the migration of various Sufi Saints from North to South India. Jaweri was perhaps one of the first Junaidi Saints to come to Deccan. He is credited to assist Nizamuddin Auliya in the matter of Ibahat-i--Sima (permissibility of Qawwali), thus acting as the bridge between the then South Indian and North Indian Sufis. His notable disciples include Shaykh Ruknuddin Tola of Gulbarga, Shaykh Ainuddin Ganjul Ilm of Bijapur, Khwaja Shamsuddin Uraizi.

Further Reading 

Junaid Baghdadi

Data Ganj Bakhsh

References

  • Melton, J. Gordon (2011-09-13). Religious Celebrations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations [2 volumes]: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-59884-206-7.

  • Ali, Khan, Masood (2003). Basic Principles of Sufism in Islam. Anmol Publications. OCLC 249512255.

  • Verfasser, Nicholson, Reynold Alleyne, 1868-1945,. Sūfīsm the Mystical doctrines and the idea of personality.

  • Islam in India and Pakistan - A Religious History by Y. P Singh.

  • Nabwi official, Retrieved, 22, October, 2021.

  • Jafri, Saiyid Zaheer Husain; Reifeld, Helmut (2006). The Islamic Path: Sufism, Society, and Politics in India. Rainbow Publishers. ISBN 978-81-86962-85-5.