Fazl e Haq Khairabadi

💎Fazl e Haq Khairabadi (1797-1861) better recognized as "Allama Fazl e Haq Khairabadi" was the Sunni Sufi Muslim scholar, poet, mufti and preacher remembered in history for assigning Fatwa e-Kufr to Ismail Dehlvi for his misconceptions on Imkaan e Kizb (God's ability to lie). Ismail Dehlvi was the founder of Wahhabism/Deobandism in Indian subcontinent. Khairabadi was the active participant of the 1857 rebel (first war of independence) and signed the proclamation of "Holy War" against the British Government along with Maulvi Sadruddin Azurdah and others.

 Life and career

He was born in 1797 A.D (1212 Hijri) in Khairabad in a highly scholastic atmosphere. His father, Fazal Imam Khairabadi, was also a reputed scholar and philosopher of his time. His genealogical tree traces its roots to Hazrat Umar Faruq e Azam رضي الله عنه. Shah Abdul Azeez Muhaddis-e-Dehlvi was one of his notable teachers.

He was a very pious, deeply religious Muslim personality and was regarded as the Mujaddid of his time. His students mentioned that "he was Tahajjud-Guzar* buzurg and used to complete recitation of whole Quran e Majeed in a week.

He had announced a fatwa of Jihad against the then British government in the native mosque of Delhi, where thousands of Ulama e-Ahlesunnat supported him in his fatwa. Many Ulemas chose martyrdom instead to admire the cruelty of the then British government.

I did not commit any crime except this
I did not like them (the British), nor was I friendly with them.
                         -Allama Khairabadi

Legacy

Conforming to his great grandson Javed Akhtar, Imam Khairabadi, was the close friend and contemporary of Mirza Ghalib and had authored many books, yet preserved at the University of Chicago’s library. Many other diverse works by Khairabadi have now become part of Egypt's academic syllabus. He is not only credited to be the  editor of Deewan-e-Ghalib, but also drafted what would have been the first constitution of liberated India. He is known by several honorary titles such as, Imam-e Mantaq-o- falsafa (Expert of Logic and Philosophy), Shamsul ulema {The Sun of Aalim (scholars)}.

Honesty in the court of law

Allama Fazle Haq Khairabadi was presented in the court of law as he had drafted the fatwa of Jihad (revolt) against the then British government. At that moment, one of the witness and jury member try to defend Khairabadi by saying; “He is not the one who had issued the fatwa of jihad but someone else, to which Allama Fazle Haq went against that hostile witness and that of the jury member, as they were telling lies in court to defend him, and said; ‘‘It was me who had issued the fatwa e-jihad against British government, and I am still firm on my decision". Eventually, he was sent to exile in Andaman Island penal colony in 1859, where he stayed until his Wisal in 1861.

In Andaman Island

He had penned down the various cruel acts of the then British Government towards him and other Muslim companions in Exile. According to Khairabadi, in history, Muslims never faced such harsh tortures/ assaults like British’s furious assaults/tortures, which were imposed after 1857.

Wisal

With the heavy struggle of Sunni Muslims of that time, several Ulama e Ahlesunnat, including Allama Inayatullah Kakorvi, were freed from Exile. It was the day of 13th Safarul Muzaffar, when Khairabadi’s son, Abdul Haq Khairabadi, reached Andaman Island with releasing letter to free his father. But unfortunately, what he saw was a funeral approaching towards him. After enquiring, he came to know that it was the funeral of his father, Allama Fazle Haq Khairabadi, who received Wisal, a day before on 12 Safar 1278 Hijri, at the age of 66.

Mazar of Hazrat Allama Fazl e Haq Khairabadi


Fazl e Haq Khairabadi
Mazar Mubarak of Allama Fazl e Haq Khairabadi on Andaman Island 

Mazar Mubarak of Hazrat Allama Fazl e Haq Khairabadi is on Andaman Island. It is marked by various cultural activities on its annual "Urs" celebration on 12th Safar, attended by both of
 his Hindu and Muslim follower equally. Mazar is run by Andaman and Nicobar Islands Waqf board."Mazar-e-Allama Fazle Haq Khairabadi" is the symbol of communal harmony.

Literary works

  • Tarikh e Fitna e Hind
  • Assauratul Hindia
  • Aqaid e Fitna e Hind
  • Intenaul Nazeer
  • Hashiya e Ufukil Mubeen
  • Hashiya e Talkhis e Shifa
  • Tahqeequl Ajsam
  • Tahqeequl kulli at tabai
  • Hadiya e-Saeediya
  • Tahqeeq Ul Fatwa Fe Abtal It Taghwa

Notes

  • "Tahqeeq Ul Fatwa Fe Abtal It Taghwa" - Book by Hazrat Allama Fazl e Haq Khairabadi, which was published by Shaykh Abdul Haq Muhaddis e Dehlvi Academy in 1825. This book is known for the fatwa e-Kufr issued to Ismail Dehlvi.
  • Hadiya e-Saeediya is one among the most notable works of Allma Khairabadi, to which Khairabadi had utmost regards. In an Exile, When Allama Khairabadi Was asked about, "What you have left behind you before coming to Exile?", to which he replied, "the book, Hadiya e Saeediya and my son Abdul Haq Khairabadi."
  • "Tahajuud Guzar" means a man or a woman who never misses his/her Tahajjud prayer (kind of nafl prayer usually prayed at midnight by Muslims).

References

  • Allama Fazl-e-Haq Khairabadi (R.A) - 2nd November 2017 - ARY Qtv, Mufti Abdullah Noorani and Dr. Umair Mahmood Siddiqui, retrieved 2021-08-23.

  • Kabir, Nasreen Munni (2018-02-16). Talking Films and Songs: Javed Akhtar in conversation with Nasreen Munni Kabir. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-909177-5.

  • "Urs of Hazrat Allama Fazle-e- Haq Khairabadi celebrated -", Andamansheekha. 2013-02-13. Retrieved 2021-08-22. 

  • Crispin Bates , Mutiny at the Margins: New Perspectives on the Indian Uprising of 1857: Volume I: Anticipations and Experiences in the Locality , SAGE Publications India,March 26, 2013 ( ISBN 978-81-321-1336-2).

  • (en) Umer O. Thasneem , Muhamad S. Olimat , Mohamed El-Tahir El-Mesawi and Seyed Mahdi Sajjadi , American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 25:2 , International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT),June 2, 2008