Sabir Piya

Hazrat Sayyed Alauddin Ahmed Jilani Sabir Qalandar Chishti Kaliyari Rahmatullah Alaih commonly known as Sabir Piya was a Sufi saint and the founder of Chishti Sabri Tariqa (sufi order). He was born in 1196 A.D and his soul met with Allah in 1291 A.D at the age of 95. His shrine is located in Kaliyar, India.

Sabir Piya
Sabir Piya Dargah

Name

He received the name Ali Ahmed from his mother and Alauddin from his father and the honorifics "Sabir" throug his master Baba Fariduddin Ganj e Shakar (R.A) after the tough Riyazat of 12 years. Kaliyari represents the name of town "Kaliyar" where his mazar is located.

Life and History

Sabir Piya was born in Herat, Afghanistan to Sayyed Abdul Rahim Gilani Rahmatullah and Bibi Hajra. His father was "Gilani Sayyed" and mother was Farooqi (heir of Hazrat Umar Radiallahu anhu). It is mentioned that his father was Sufi saint and Qalandar and his mother was the elder sister of Hazrat Khwaja Fariduddin Ganj e Shakar. few years after the Wisal of his father in 1209 he along with is mother migrated to Pak Pattan from Herat. He received his spiritual education from Shaykh Fariduddin Ganj e Shakar Rahmatullah Alaih. He also married with the youngest daughter of Baba Farid there. After completing his education and receiving Khilafat o Ijazah from his master Baba Farid. He left for Kaliyar for Tabligh, as per guidance of Baba farid and spend rest of his life there. Accordingly he started spreading the knowledge of Islam and Sufism in Kaliyar and became famous sd Auliya e Kaamil. Hazrat Shamsuddin Turk Panipati Rahmatullah Alaih was his notable disciple.

Distribution of Langar and “Sabir”

The incident of distribution of Langar has been mentioned by many the experts, which says, as Sabir Piya and his mother came to Baba Farid, his mother accompanied there for 2 years, while leaving the place of Baba Farid, she told about Sabir Piya that “my son Sabir never demand for anything, even for necessities such as food, so brother you have take care of my son’s needs” to which Baba Farid agreed and make sabir Piya’s the in-charge of “Langar Khana” to distribute foods to the students and others so that there will be no question of demanding food as he has now become the in-charge of Kitchen. But because of his Taqwa Sabir Piya focused on his duty as an in charge of the kitchen to distribute the foods instead of even having the single piece of food from kitchen for 12 years. Various experts commented he was surviving on the herbs and fruits from the forest on those days. When his mother came back after a decade to see his son, he observed his son has become very weak, after seeing this condition of his son he went to his brother Baba Fareed to enquired the cause of such a pathetic condition of his son, she enquired, didn’t you took care of my son’s diet, to which Baba said “The entire administration of kitchen was in your son’s hand”. to which Sabir Piya said, “yes although I was the administrator of your Kitchen but you didn’t tell me to have food from there, so I have never eaten food from that kitchen instead of it when I felt hunger, I used to consume certain fruits and herbs from forest”. After hearing this, Baba Farid give him the title “Sabir or the man of patience”.

Fana and Baqa

The incident of Fana and Baqa of Sabir Piya and his student Baba Shamsuddin Turk Rahmatullah Alaih is common among his disciples which claims that, one day Baba Shamsuddin ask about Fana and Baqa to him to which he replied that "this is not the correct time to explain you, I will explain you this concept later. Days passed and after serving 19 years to Sabir Piya, Hazrat Shamsuddin left him in search of a job to earn a living as per his order . while he was living the Shaykh, shaykh asked him to come again on the day of his Wisal along with a Kafan (Shroud). After recieving this instruction from his Shaykh Baba Shamsuddin replied "how will I know about your Wisal", to which Shaykh give him certain sign and indications of his death. So the day when Baba Shamsuddin observes those signs and indications, he immediately went to his Murshid and he saw his Murshid had already met with Allah (Wisal), إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ. so during performing the last rites of Sabir Piya, he observed a strange man ( horse rider) whose face was covered by scarf moving towards him, that stranger came forward and performed the namaz-e-janaza (funeral prayer). after the prayer when the stranger tried to leave, Baba Shamsuddin Turk enquired his name. then he removed his face scarf, after seeing the face of the stranger he got shocked, what he observes that the stranger was none other than Sabir Piya, to which stranger (Sabir Piya) replied, “that the body which is resting there is Fana and myself who performed the funeral prayer is Baqa, did’nt I promised you that, I will explain you the concept of Fana and Baqa later.