Sabir Piya

💎Hazrat Sayyed Alauddin Ahmed Jilani Sabir Qalandar Chishti Kaliyari Rahmatullah Alaih, commonly known as Sabir Piya, was a Sunni Sufi saint and the founder of Chishti Sabri Tariqa (Sufi order). He was born in 1196 A. D and his soul met with Allah in 1291 A. D at the age of 95. His shrine is located in Kaliyar, India, better known as Kaliyar Sharif or Piran Kaliyar Sharif.

Sabir Piya
Kaliyar Sharif


He received the name Ali Ahmed from his mother and Alauddin from his father and the honorifics "Sabir" by his master Baba Fariduddin Ganj e Shakar (R.A) after the tough Riyazat of 12 years. "Kaliyari" represents the name of town "Kaliyar" where his mazar is located.

Life and History

Sabir Piya was born in Herat, Afghanistan to Sayyed Abdul Rahim Gilani Rahmatullah and Bibi Hajra. His father was "Gilani Sayyed" and mother was Farooqi (heir of Hazrat Umar Radiallahu anhu). It is mentioned that his father was Sufi saint and Qalandar and his mother was the elder sister of Hazrat Khwaja Fariduddin Ganj e Shakar. few years after the Wisal of his father in 1209, he along with his mother migrated to Pak Pattan from Herat. He received his spiritual education from Shaykh Farid Uddin Ganj e Shakar Rahmatullah Alaih. He also married with the youngest daughter of Baba Farid there. After completing his education and receiving Khilafat o Ijazah from his master Baba Farid. He left for Kaliyar for Tabligh, as per guidance of Baba Farid and spend the rest of his life there. Accordingly, he started spreading the knowledge of Islam and Sufism in Kaliyar and became famous as Auliya e Kamil. Hazrat Shamsuddin Turk Panipati Rahmatullah Alaih was his notable disciple.

Fana and Baqa

The incident of Fana and Baqa of the saint and his student Baba Shamsuddin Turk Rahmatullah Alaih is common among his disciples which claims that, one day Baba Shamsuddin ask about Fana and Baqa to him to which he replied that "this is not the correct time to explain you, I will explain you this concept later. Days passed and after serving 19 years to the saint, Hazrat Shamsuddin left him in search of a job to earn a living as per his order . while he was living the Shaykh, shaykh asked him to come again on the day of his Wisal along with a Kafan (Shroud). After receiving this instruction from his Shaykh Baba Shamsuddin replied "how will I know about your Wisal", to which Shaykh give him certain sign and indications of his death. So the day when Baba Shamsuddin observes those signs and indications, he immediately went to his Murshid and he saw his Murshid had already met with Allah (Wisal), إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ. so during performing the last rites of the saint, he observed a strange man ( horse rider) whose face was covered by scarf moving towards him, that stranger came forward and performed the namaz-e-janaza (funeral prayer). after the prayer when the stranger tried to leave, Baba Shamsuddin Turk enquired his name. then he removed his face scarf, after seeing the face of the stranger he got shocked, what he observes that the stranger was none other than Sabir Piya, to which stranger (Sabir Piya) replied, “that the body which is resting there is Fana and myself who performed the funeral prayer is Baqa, didn't I promised you that, I will explain you the concept of Fana and Baqa later.

Shaykh’s tajheez o takfeen (burial and shrouding) was performed by Shams Turq Panipati. After reciting Quran e Majeed consecutively for three days on the Mazar Mubarak, he left for Panipat as per Shaykh’s order.

According to subject expert Allama Mukhtar Shah Naeemi, Mazar left untouched for many years but remembrance of Hazrat Shaykh Alauddin Kaliyari was still going among the followers of Sabri order was aware of the Shaykh’s grave there in Kaliyar. Sabri Silsila was continued by Hazrat Shamsuddin Turq Qalandar Panipati Rahmatullah Alaih, later by his disciple Jalal uddin Al Maroof Kabeer Ul Auliya, later by his disciple Makhdoom Abdul Haq, later by his disciple Shaykh Muhammad Shaykh Khalf-ul-Aalam, later by his disciple Qutb e Aalam Shaykh Abdul Quddus Gangohi Rahmatullah Alaih.

Naeemi further mentioned that “one day Hazrat Shaykh Abdul Quddus Gangohi Rahmatullah Alaih was sweeping the area surrounding the grave of his Dada Peer, where he heard the sound “Kabhee Hammaree Qabr pe bhi aake Jhaadu dena” (kind of invitation to visit the grave) after reviving those words in his ear Gangohi started to struggle to know more about that Personality who invited him to visit his grave, eventually Gangohi succeeded in doing so and he went to Kaliyar and succeeded in finding the sign of Grave of Hazrat Sabir Piya and requested the shaykh to allow devotees to visit his grave.

The Dargah Sharif or Piran Kaliyar is regarded as the 5th holiest place by the Hindus after Chardhaam. on the occasion of Urs both Hindus and Muslim community participate in various festivals making the shrine a symbol of communal harmony. Along with local and national pilgrims dargah do attract international pilgrims from Pakistan on its annual Urs. The Urs festival usually longs for 15 days along with the "fair" or "Mela" from 1st of Rabiul Awwal to 15th of Rabiul Awwal (third month of Hijri calendar). It consists of various Sufi programs including the unique Mehendi Dori and Bari Roshnee.

Distribution of Langar and "Sabir"

The incident of distribution of Langar has been mentioned by most of the experts, which says, as Sabir Piya and his mother came to Baba Farid, his mother accompanied him there for 2 years, while taking leave from his son, she educates Baba Farid about Sabir Piya that, “my son Sabir never demand for anything, even for necessities such as food, so brother, you have take care of my son’s needs” to which Baba Farid agreed and make sabir Piya the in-charge of Langar Khana to distribute foods to the students and others so that there will be no question of demanding food as he has now become the in-charge of kitchen. But because of his taqwa, Saint focused on his duty as an in-charge of the kitchen to distribute the foods instead of even having the single morsel of food from the kitchen for 12 years. Various experts have commented, he was surviving on herbs and fruits from the forest on those days. When his mother came back after almost a decade to meet her son, she observed her son has become very weak, after seeing this condition of her son, she went to his brother Baba Fareed to enquired the cause of such a pathetic condition of her son, she enquired, didn’t you took care of my son’s diet, to which Baba said, “The entire administration of kitchen was in your son’s hand”. to which Sabir said, “yes although I was the administrator of your kitchen but you didn’t tell me to have food from there, so I had never taken food from that kitchen, instead of it when I felt hunger, I used to consume certain fruits and herbs from forest”. After hearing this, Baba Farid give him the title “Sabir or the man of patience”.


* Research work of Allama Mukhtar Shah Naeemi  Ashrafi on Sabir piya. United States.

* Times of India. December 2016. Tapan Susheel.

 * Uttar Pradesh District Gazetteers: Saharanpur - Page 88.