Gyarvi Sharif

Gyarvi Sharif is an Islamic Sufi festival commemorating the union of Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani (R.A.), With Allah. People recognize Gyarvi Sharif as Fatiha Do Azdaham or Fatiha-e-Yazd ham. Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani was the benefactor of Qadri Sufism, prevailing in the entire world. People celebrate Gyarvi Sharif annually on 11th Rabi-al-akhir or on the eleventh day of every Islamic month. The celebration comprises organizing religious reunions with the cooking and distribution of Niyaz or Tabarruk (freely given sacred meal).

In England, Gyarvi Sharif is the monthly ritual celebrated at various Khanqah and mosques. Various British Sufi organization including Minhaj ul Quran organization and Surrey mosque, celebrate Gyarvi Sharif monthly.

Baghdad

In Baghdad, the capital city of Iraq, annual observance of Gyarvi Sharif draws lakhs of Pakistani inhabitants, with many individuals from diverse lands comprising India, Afghanistan, and other countries of middle east.

The annual festival starts at the dawn of the 11th Rabiussani, the gathering of well-dressed men with robes and women in abayas in the main hall of the mausoleum. Inside the shrine’s masjid, the pilgrims cover their heads with perfumed chadars and offer the chadar on Sheikh Jilani’s grave. They keep there these coverings for a short while before caretaker gives them as gifts to anybody who wants to have them. One chadar remains on the mazar throughout the year and a select number of Sayyads (heirs of Huzoor offers this special chadar Ghous-e-Azam Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani after a religious ceremony of Ghusl sacred washing of the grave). Mosque attracts the reverential rush. Outside, joyous locals chanted, “Ya Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (RA)!” Kids, putting on their brightest dresses, rushed around as individuals offered them sweets and bangles in observance of the Gyarvi Sharif. Locals honor the day as Eid, rejoice in the daylight and greet the foreign pilgrims. The widows of the Iran-Iraq war and their girls were granted preference over others to go in the main room of the mausoleum for ziyarat. On some times, unaccompanied young men are not passed into the mausoleum in requiring to avert any molestation of the women. As twilight settled, Kurds from Iraqi Kurdistan descended on the mausoleum in droves to represent the Sufi Ruks night long. They assembled in an encircling, putting on a special red turban (headgear) and recited, twisting and twirling. If a tired dervish fell to the ground, another moved forward to pick up his place.

India

Fateha e yazdaham or Gyarvi Sharif is observed in all the Indian states with different Sufi practices and traditions. Dastgeer Sahib, a sacred architecture established in the remembrance of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani, invites individuals who do many practices on the celebration of Gyarvi Sharif (Urs)

Fateha-e-yazdaham is a public vacation in Assam and West Bengal with religious observances in different Khanqah. In Assam, various Islamic contest occurs on the occasion of Fateha e yazdaham.

Burkhalter Flueckiger described the various Sufi rituals and practices in Amma’s healing room during Gyarvi Sharif celebration, including changing the old holy flags with new ones.

Juloos e Gausiya

The term Juloos e Gausiya is derived from an Urdu language which means procession (Juloos) dedicated do Huzoor Gaus e Azam Dastageer (Gausiya). many states including Tripura, Assam, Bihar, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka etc witness juloos e Gausiya on gyarvi sharif etc. a day long procession in the remembrance of Huzur Gaus paak. In Nagpur Mufti Nazir [Imam of Munshiji Masjid, Nagpur] leads Juloos e Gausiya, arrangement of Niyaz on the route of Juloos is seen on Gyarvi Sharif in Nagpur.


Bangladesh

Fateha e Yazdaham is observed by the most of Sufi the society of Bangladesh living in Sylhet, Chittagong, Dhaka etc. Observances include a recital of the Quran e majeed, organizing Milad Mahfil,, discussing the life of Huzoor Gaus e Paak, seeking for Allah’s mercy through du’a, munaajaat or tawassul of Huzoor Gaus e paak, and making and sharing tabarruk , prepared for the celebration. There is an optional vacation in many academic institutes of Bangladesh. Miyan Sahab Maidan Khanqah Sharif is celebrating Fateha e Yazdaham for over three centuries. 

Celebration of Gyarvi Sharif in Baitul Mukarram National Mosque, Bangladesh

Every year, Islamic Foundation Bangladesh organizes a waaz mehfil in Baitul Mukarram National Mosque on the occasion of Holy Fateha e Yazdaham. the annual waaz begins after Maghrib prayer which involves the presence the senior Islamic leader of Bangladesh including the Imam of Baitul Mukarram National Mosque. Post waaz Milad is the characteristic feature of the occasion.


References

* Financial Express, December 7, 2019

* Bangla Pedia, 15 February 2015 Fateha e Yazdaham

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