Gyarvi Sharif

Gyarvi Sharif is a Sufi Islamic festival commemorating the union of Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani (R.A.) with Allah. People Also recognise Gyarvi Sharif as Fatiha Do Azdaham or Fatiha-e-Yazdaham. Abdul Qadir Jilani was the benefactor of Qadri Sufism which is prevailing in the entire world. Known as Ghaus e Azam Dastagir, families celebrate Gyarvi Sharif on 11th Rabi-al-akir or on the eleventh of every month of the Hijri Calendar. The celebration consists of organizing religious reunions with the cooking and sharing of sacred meal or Langar (freely given sacred meal).

In Britain, Gyarvi Sharif is the monthly ritual celebrated at the Zinda Pir’s places and mosques. Minhaj ul Quran organization Uk celebrates Gyarvi Sharif monthly.

Iraq

In Baghdad, the capital city of Iraq, annual observance of Gyarvi Sharif draws around 50,000–135,000 Pakistani inhabitants, with many individuals from diverse lands comprising Afghanistan, India and many Arab Countries attending.

The annual festival starts in the dawn of the 11th Rabiussani, the gathering of well-dressed men with robes and women in abayas in the main hall of the mausoleum. Inside the shrine’s masjid, the pilgrims cover their heads with perfumed chadars and offer the chadar on Sheikh Jilani’s grave. They keep there these coverings for a short while before caretaker give them as gifts to anybody who wants to have them. One chadar remains on the mazar throughout the year and this special chadar is offered by a select number of Sayyads (heirs of Huzoor Ghous-e-Azam Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani in a function accepted as Ghusl (sacred washing of the grave). Mosque attracts the reverential rush. Outside, joyous locals chanted, "Ya Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (RA)!" Kids, putting on their brightest dresses, rushed around as individuals offered them sweets and bangles in observance of the Gyarvi Sharif. Locals, honor the day as Eid, rejoice in the daylight and hug foreign pilgrims. The widows of the Iran-Iraq war and their girls were granted preference over others to go in the main room of the mausoleum to recite. On some times, unaccompanied young men are not passed into the mausoleum in requiring to avert any molestation of the women. As twilight settled, Kurds from Iraqi Kurdistan descended on the mausoleum in droves to represent the Sufi Ruks all night long. They assembled in an encircling, putting on a special red turban (headgear) and recited, twisting and twirling. If a tired dervish fell to the ground, another moved forward to pick up his place.

India

Fateha Doazdaham or Gyarvi Sharif is observed in many Indian states with different Sufi acts and traditions. Juloos e Ghausiya is the term for the procession on the celebration of Gyarvi Sharif which involves Sufi Muslims performing various Sufi practices and masses chanting slogans such as “Ya Gaus Al Madad”. This is similar to how, in other states of India such as Tripura, people organize a peace rally on the occasion of Fateha Diaz Daham

Dastgeer Sahib, a sacred architecture established in the remembrance of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani, invites individuals who perform numerous practices on the celebration of Gyarvi Sharif (Urs)

Fateha-e-yazdaham is a public vacation in West Bengal with religious observances in different khanqah.

Burkhalter Flueckiger beautifully described the various sufi rituals and practices in Amma’s healing room during gyarvi Sharif celebration including changing the old holy flags with new ones. 

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