Zinda Shah Madar

💎Sayyed Ahmed Badiuddin Zinda Shah Madar was a Sunni Muslim ascetic, Sufi saint who was born on 1st of Shawwal ul Mukarram 242 Hijri or 30th January, 857 A.D.

Name

Badiuddin means exposing the love of Islam in hearts of people. The Khalifa of Hazrat Nasiruddin Chiragh Dehli, Hazrat Mir Jafar Makki, explained the term Qutubul Madar as a rank in the awliyas who have the power to confiscate the powers of Qutub (rank of Auliyas). "Zinda" is an Urdu-Hindi term means "living", per the basic principle of Sufism that Sufi saints stay alive forever (death is the intermediate stage which they have to just pass). Makanpuri in his name, represents the town Makanpur (a town in India where this sufi saint is resting today).

Life

According to Author James Wise, he moved to India particularly Makanpur as per the direction of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to save the local population of Makanpur from the evil demon named "Mauckna", author further mentioned that Zinda Shah Madar succeeded in his mission to save the community from the evil. He received permission of Habs-e-Dam from Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. James also reported  many miracles of the saint in his book, "Notes on the Races, Castes and Trades of Eastern Bengal". Sultan Ibrahim Shargi, of Jaunpur, carried his coffin, and constructed a Sufi mausoleum over his Mazar Mubarak. He received Wisal on 17 Jamadiul awwal, 838 Hijri or 17 December 1434 A.D Hijri, approximately the age of 578 years. Urs is celebrated annually on 7th Rajab globally at his Various "Chillas" and at Makanpur by thousands of pilgrims, of every religion. He is well known for  Habs-e-dam.

Chilla 

Many Chilla(s) of Hazrat Badiuddin Zinda Shah Madar are located in various parts of India. Devotees believed that those Chillas are the places where Madar Shah meditated. One such chilla is in Bhandara district of Maharashtra, known for its various miraculous incidents.

Dam Madar Beda Par

Dam Madar Beda Par is the common chant among the followers of Zinda Shah Madar. Qawwali "Dam Madar Beda Par" by Arshad Kaamli is based on the same chant. This phrase is regarded as the charm for snake bite and scorpion's stings. Many Madari fakirs walk on fire, barefooted by saying "Dam Madar Beda Par" without getting any burn.

Madari Fakirs

The Madari Fakirs are classified as Khaas gaan , Deewan gaan, Ashiqaan and Talebaan. The Khaasgaan are usually Islamic scholars and respected by other groups of Madari Fakirs. It is said that Khaas gaan (Islamic scholars of this Sufi order) lead very simple life. Syed Masoom Ali Baba is the notable Malang of the present generation who is serving as the chief of all the Malangs/Fakirs of Makanpur.

Becoming a Malang

According to Sayyed Rafiq Ali Baba Madari, the sterile/childless couples pray to Allah that if they will be bestowed with parenthood (child) then they will present one of their son in the Bargah of Hazrat Zinda Shah Madar. When their prayers get acceptance with the Tawassul of Zinda Shah Madar, then accordingly they hand over one of their son to Madarriya Malang. The Madarriya Malangs take care of that baby boy and provides him both the worldly and spiritual education. The special ceremony is characterized by the removal of all his hairs called tonsure ceremony where Murshid e Kamil (the chief Malang) apply ash to the boy's tonsured head and recite few kalimats of the silsila, from then onwards, he have to leave his hair to grow till his last breath. After years when the boy gets matured, he is asked about his future wish, whether he wants to continue his life as unmarried Malang (Mujarrad) and serve the silsila and Sunnism or want to live like a normal man and marry. Then after his wish, he continues his later life either as a common man or Malang. Madari Sufis believes that if one of the man of family becomes Malang strictly follows his life as true Malang and tried to please Allah, then his 21 generations will enter paradise without any enquiry on the day of judgement.

Zinda Shah Madar Shajra 

Shah Madar's genealogy goes back to Rasul Allah Sallallahu Alaihi wasallam through

  • Hazrat Ali Karam Allahu Wajhul Kareem
  • Hazrat Imam Hussain Radiallahu Taala anhu
  • Hazrat Imam Zainul Abedeen Radiallahu Taala Anhu
  • Hazrat Imam Muhammad al-Baqir Radiallahu Taala Anhu
  • Hazrat Inam Jafar as Sadiq Radiallahu Taala anhu
  • Hazrat Sayyed Ismail Radiallahu Taala Anhu
  • Hazrat Sayyed Muhammad Radiallahu Taala Anhu
  • Hazrat Sayyed Ahmed Radiallahu Taala Anhu
  • Hazrat Sayyed Zahiruddin Radiallahu Taala Anhu
  • Hazrat Sayyed Bahauddin Radiallahu Taala Anhu
  • Hazrat Sayyed Alu Halawi Radiallahu Taala Anhu
  • Hazrat Sayyed Badiuddin Pir Zinda Shah Madar
He was Sayyed from both paternal and maternal side, his mother, Bibi Fatema Tabrizi, was Hasani Sayyed, and his father was Hussaini Sayyed. 

References

*Research work of Allama Mukhtar Shah Naeemi Ashrafi on Zinda Shah Madar. 

*The Calcutta Historical Journal. 2006.

*Zubrzycki, John (2018-06-28). Jadoowallahs, Jugglers and Jinns: A Magical History of India. Pan Macmillan. ISBN 978-1-5290-0982-8.

* Interview of  Sayyed Rafiq Ali Baba Madari and Yaman Baba Madari by Firoze Shakir. Retrieved on 24 October 2021.

*Qawwali Dam Madar Beda Par by Arshad Kaamli.

*Wise, James (2016-11-10). Notes on the Races, Castes and Trades of Eastern Bengal. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-1-351-99740-9.