Sufism in Kashmir- The Dream of Nund Rishi

Kashmir has a richest Sufi tradition in the whole Indian subcontinent known as the land of Sufi saints or Pir Vaer/Rishi Vaer. the Naqshbandi and Kubrawiyya silsila are the earliest Sufi order in kashmir valley. the other Sufi orders include Qadri, Suhrawardy and rishi order. According to European Foundation of South Asian Studies. The people of Kashmir, converted to Islam under the influence of peaceful Sufis. despite of the religious differences between the Hindu Kashmiri pandits and Muslim Mullahs, the Sufism offer them a common way of understanding the world through peace, love and harmony which led to the acceptance of Sufism in the state.


Hazrat Bulbul Shah, actual name Sayyed Sharfuddin Abdur Rahman was a Suhrawardy fakir of 13th century travelled from Turkistan to Kashmir. He is recognized as one of the soonest identified Sufi Saint of the valley, the first Saint who brings Islam in Kashmir.

Another important Sufi to enter Kashmir valley Shah-e-Hamadan, actual name Mir Sayyad Ali Hamadani who entered Kashmir along with his 700, who established in different parts of Kashmir, propagating Islam and the doctrines of the Kubrawi Sufi order. The Muslim king Sultan Qutub-ud-Din established luxurious provisions for Shah-e-Hamadan and his pupils out of his Sultanate. Shah-i-Hamadan was a marvelous intellectual, considered with possessing 37,000 conversions to Islam in Kashmir; owing to his eminent spiritual charism.  He is remembered as ‘Amir-e Kabir’ (The preeminent chief) and ‘Bani-e- Musalmani’ (The founder of Islam [in Kashmir]).

Nund Rishi or Nuruddin Wali was a renowned Sufi Saint of Kashmir Valley. He is recognised as a founder of Rishi Sufi order. People regard Nund Rishi as Alamdar- E- Kashmir. He was born in a well recognized Muslim household in Kulgam district of Kashmir in the year 1377 A.C. He spread the correct knowledge of Islam through his poetry known as Shrukhs. The shrine of Nuruddin Wali is a centre of attraction of all the Kashmiri communities.

 

Adam was Father, Mother Eve Followed Him, Where did “lower castes” come from? How can the member of the same family ridicule one another.

— Nund Rishi

Nund Rishi and Lal Ded rejects the idol worshipping, caste structure and the orthodox Brahmin practices this had paved the way for the Hindus to adopt their more sympathetic Sufi philosophies contributing to their conversion to Islam. Kashmiri use the traditional Indian epithets Rishi or Baba to specify these Sufi saints.

How Sufism in Kashmir was persecuted.



Dastgeer Sahib, a 200-year-old shrine in Khanyar, was set on fire by Lashkar-e-Tayiba, a Deobandi-Wahhabi Terrorist Organisation which led to vast destruction of the shrine. The Jammu and Kashmir police arrested a Lashkar-e-Tayiba terror module involving six persons who were tasked to blaze holy shrines, causing suspicion that they could have set the glorious Dastgeer Sahib shrine on fire by the same arrange. Police in Budgam district arrested 6 individuals, comprising Farooq Ahmed Mir, who had crossed to Pakistan’s Faisalabad in early 2012. Mir, they have registered whose confessional explanation before a principal judicial magistrate, has affirmed that he had traveled to Pakistan and the tour was aided by Zahoor Ahmed of Arth of Budgam neighborhood in central Kashmir.
The others caught were Zahoor alias Zubair, Barkat alias Abu Talha, Ejaz Ahmed alias Imran, Abdullah Dar alias Assad and Rauf Dar alias Rafiq. With an imprison six individuals, forces asserted to have collapsed three cases — burning of two mausoleums, comprising that of Baba Hani00-year-old shrine in Khanyar, was set on fire by Lashkar-e-Tayiba, a Deobandi-Wahhabi Terrorist Organisation which led to vast destruction of the shrine. The Jammu and Kashmir police arrested a Lashkar-e-Tayiba terror module involving six persons who were tasked to blaze holy shrines, causing suspicion that they could have set the glorious Dastgeer Sahib shrine on fire by the same arrange. Police in Budgam district arrested 6 individuals, comprising Farooq Ahmed Mir, who had crossed to Pakistan’s Faisalabad in early 2012. Mir, they have registered whose confessional explanation before a principal judicial magistrate, has affirmed that he had traveled to Pakistan and the tour was aided by Zahoor Ahmed of Arth of Budgam neighborhood in central Kashmir.
The others caught were Zahoor alias Zubair, Barkat alias Abu Talha, Ejaz Ahmed alias Imran, Abdullah Dar alias Assad and Rauf Dar alias Rafiq. With an imprison six individuals, forces asserted to have collapsed three cases — burning of two mausoleums, comprising that of Baba Hanifuddin, on July 15 this year, and a mosque. Later, the shrine was restored to its original glory.


Recent innovative's rejuvenating Sufism in Kashmir

Amit Shah had discussed the slaughter of Sufism in Kashmir in Parliament in July last year he said “Had one supported the Sufis, who whispered of Hindu Muslim harmony, I have recognized that individuals are interested Kashmiryat, an answer to this, on 15 March 2020 organization of All India Sufi Sajjada-nashin Council met Union home minister Amit Shah under the chairmanship of Sayyad Nasiruddin Chishti and implored him for a supervised government scheme to reach Sufism to every house in the Valley. few clerics were attired in saffron robes because, “the colour belongs to Hinduism was chosen by Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti (the benefactor of Sufi Islam in India and a principal leader of chishti Sufi order in India) around eight centuries ago”.

In September 2020, a 20 year girl named Badrunnisa Bhatt was in a broadcast for spreading Sufism through his paintings.

Chairman of Peoples Justice Front Aga Sayyad Abbas Rizvi in his appeal at the Bandipora region stressed the return to Sufism, humanism and pluralism as the alone path to gain everlasting peace in Jammu and Kashmir.

"Sufism had established the edifice of harmony and unanimity among Muslims, Sikhs and Hindus in Jammu and Kashmir. In the last few decades, miscreants targeted Sufism to create divergence among people. The goal of our party is to spread the message of Sufism to usher in peace and unity among adherents of different religions in Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh. "

 -Sayyad Aga Abbas Rizvi


REFERENCES

"J&K: LeT module behind Dastageer Saheb shrine fire busted". Rediff. Retrieved 2020-09-29.

 Venugopal, Vasudha. "Need policy for Sufism in Jammu and Kashmir: Clerics to Amit Shah". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2020-09-29.

 "Return to Sufism only way to achieve peace in J&K: Rizvi". The Rahnuma Daily. 2020-07-06. Retrieved 2020-10-02.

“POET: Sheikh Noor-ud-din Wali - ALL POEMS OF Sheikh Noor-ud-din.”www.poemhunter.com. Retrieved 2020-10-26.

 NOORANI, A. G. "Sufism in Kashmir". Frontline. Retrieved 2020-10-14.

"Kashmir's Composite Culture: Sufism & Communal Harmony - Kashmiriyat". www.efsas.org. Retrieved 2020-10-14.

Snedden, Christopher (2015-09-15). Understanding Kashmir and Kashmiris. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-1-84904-622-0.

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