Lal Shahbaz Qalandar

Sayyed Usman Marandi better recognized as the Lal Shahbaz Qalandar Rahmatullah Alaih was a Sufi saint from Iraq. His Mazar Mubarak is located in Sehwan, Pakistan. He received an oath of allegiance (Bayah) on the hand of Baba Ibraheem Mujarrad, Rahmatullah Alaih.


He got  the name "Usman" at the time of his birth from his father probably due to his affection to the third Khalifa of Islam, Hazrat Usman e Gani Radiallahu Taala Anhu whereas Marandi comes from the word "Marand" (a city and capital of Marand County, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran.)

Shahbaz is a Persian word which can be split into two words, Shah and Baz, Shah means big and Baz means Hawk. He received an honorific Shahbaz due to his spiritual greatness and "Qalandar" because he is considered as one among the two and half Qalandars (the other Qalandars are Bu Ali Shah Qalandar Rahmatullah Alaih and Bibi Rabia Basri Qalandar Radiallahu Taala Anha). There is a different opinion for the word Lal in his name, some experts considered Lal as Pearl, whereas others considered it as red. 
Manam Usman e Harooni

 Ke yaar Khwaja Mansooram

 Malamat Mee Kunam Khalqe

 Waman Bardaa e Mee Raksam

Birth and Life 

He was born in Sayyed family in the heirs of Hazrat Imam Jafar as Sadiq Rahmatullah Alaih in 1178 A.D. His father's name was Hazrat Kabeeruddin Jafri Rahmatullah Alaih.
His forefathers first migrated to Iraq to Mashhad and later to Marand (his birth place).

He received his initial education in the local Madarsas of Marand and completed his later education in Iraq. He received spiritual guidance from Hazrat Baba Ibrahim Mujarrad Karbalai Rahmatullah Alaih , Hazrat Allama Jamaluddin Mujarrad Sauji Rahmatullah Alaih. After visiting various Mazarat (mausoleum) of Hazrat Ali, Hazrat Imam Hussain, Hazrat Noman bin Sabit Alias Imam e Azam Abu Hanifa, Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani along with the mausoleum of other noble Muslim Personalities and receiving Ruhani Fuyuz o Barkat from those personalities he moved to Panjgur, Makran, Pakistan. After leaving fewdays in Panchgur, he left for "Dast e Shahbaz" a location in Balochistan, Pakistan. During his way he carried out his missionary activities and imparted Islamic teachings to local Balochi population there who soon become his devotees. His one of the chilla is in Manghopir a rural area in Karachi. Lal Shahbaz Qalandar entered Multan under the reign of Nasir-ud-Din Qabacha where he met Bahauddinn Zakariya Multani (Rahmatullah Alaih). He entered Sehwan Sharif around 1251 A.D where he propogate Islam and revive the humanity. Before his arrival the region was the home for various evil activities. He had opened Madarsa there and had started educating the local students there in Madarsa in Sehwan, he authored various books and imparted Islamic teachings to the native population in Sanskrit.


Dargah of Hazrat Lal Shahbaaz Qalandar Rahmatullah Alaih is in Sehwan Sharif, city in Sindh, Pakistan. It is characterized by various rituals such as "Dhamal"(by Hindu devotees) on Thursdays by , Mehendi, lightning lamps along with annual Urs


One can witness the unique necklace (better known as "Guluband" among the local population)  in the shrine of Hazrat Baba Lal Shahbaz Qalandar, the pecularity of that necklace is that it contains 3 stones among which 2 stones were come from Hazrat Imam Zainul Abedeen (son of Hazrat Imam Hussain probably through his Pir Hazrat Baba Ibrahim Mujarrad and the remaining was one of his own stone, probably he was wearing it to follow the tradition of Qalandari Sufi order.
Lal Shahbaz Qalandar
Unique necklace belonging to Hazrat Lal Shahbaaz Qalandar 

This necklace containing stone is considered as Sacred or Tabarruk, devotees pour water at its top and and drink that water that comes down from it, devotees believed that it is their good luck to have the water coming touching it. 

In Popular Media
Dama Dam Mast Qalandar a religious song/qawwali devoted to the saint is popular in the subcontinent and abroad. 


* Research work of Allama Mukhtar Shah Naeemi Ashrafi on Hazrat Lal Shahbaaz Qalandar Rahmatullah Alaih.